THE HISTORY OF AVOCADOS
The California avocado is a native American plant with a long, distinguished history. Today, the most popular variety is the Hass. The mother tree of all Hass avocados was born in a backyard in La Habra Heights, California.
The avocado (Persea americana) originated in south-central Mexico, sometime between 7,000 and 5,000 B.C. But it was several millennia before this wild variety was cultivated. Archaeologists in Peru have found domesticated avocado seeds buried with Incan mummies dating back to 750 B.C. and there is evidence that avocados were cultivated in Mexico as early as 500 B.C.
FROM AQUACATE TO AVOCADO
Spanish conquistadores loved the fruit but couldn't pronounce it and changed the Aztec word to a more manageable aguacate, which eventually became avocado in English. The first English-language mention of avocado was by Sir Henry Sloane in 1696.
CALIFORNIA'S CASH CROP
Fast forward to 1871, when Judge R.B. Ord of Santa Barbara successfully introduced avocados to the U.S. with trees from Mexico. By the early 1900s, growers were seeing the avocado's commercial potential and ever since growers, enthusiasts and researchers have been hunting for improved varieties. A search through the industry's foremost annals, in particular the California Avocado Society Yearbook, reveals that many new selections of avocado were made in the industry's infancy and over subsequent years but few had commercial significance. By the 1950's around 25 different varieties of avocados were being commercially packed and shipped in California, with 'Fuerte' accounting for more than two-thirds of the production. Even though 'Hass' was discovered in the early 1930's and patented by Rudolph Hass in 1935, it was not until large-scale industry expansion occurred in the late 1970s that 'Hass' replaced 'Fuerte' as the leading California variety.
Today, California is the leading producer of domestic avocados and home to about 90% of the nation's crop. Most California avocados are harvested on 60,000 acres between San Luis Obispo and the Mexican border, by about 6,800 growers. San Diego County, which produces 60% of all California avocados, is the acknowledged avocado capital of the nation.
California avocados are grown year-round. A single California avocado tree can produce up to 200 pounds of fresh fruit each year, approximately 500 pieces, although most average around 60 pounds or 150 pieces of fruit.
Meet the Board Members
GARY DOBBINS, Board President, joined the Avocado Festival as a volunteer in 1989 and has served on the festival’s executive board since 2001 (President 2008, 2016). Gary was born in Illinois and raised in Kentucky and Indiana. After graduating from high school in Indianapolis in 1969, Gary joined the Army and served as an E-5 until 1972. He was stationed in Germany and Vietnam and was awarded numerous commendations, including two bronze stars, for his service. Gary also owned a record label and publishing company. Gary moved to Carpinteria in 1989. In 1994, Gary co-founded the Coastal View News, a weekly newspaper. In addition to publishing the newspaper, he co-founded Carpinteria Magazine in 2001. Gary has been a member of Rotary since 1994, and served as president of the Rotary Club of Carpinteria in 2005-06. In 1997, Gary co-founded Rods & Roses, an annual classic car show and independence parade in Carpinteria. Gary also served on the board of directors of the Carpinteria Sanitary District from 1990 to 1995; the board of directors of the Boys & Girls Club of Carpinteria, Girls Inc. of Carpinteria, HELP, and the Host Program. From 1994 to 1998, Gary produced a weekly television show called Carp Live with Mark King. Gary’s wife Dianne passed away in 2003. They have two daughters and two grandchildren.
MIKE LAZARO has been on the Board of Directors for the California Avocado Festival for 34 years, 30 of those years in the role of the Director of Operations and has been Event Producer for the last 6 years. He is also on the Alcazar Theatre Board of Directors. He has been an ongoing consultant to various events around the country. Mike Lazaro has specialized in total event management; He has worked in some of the world’s largest convention centers with some of the largest company conferences and sporting events including Indy Races and Super Bowls. He has also participated in ongoing event support for Santa Barbara Earth Day celebration, SB Summer Solstice, Old Spanish Days Fiesta, Citrus Classic Balloon Fest, Carpinteria Annual Triathlon, and Carpinteria’s Rods and Roses Festival.
EMILY MILES is a native Carpinterian and a third generation avocado rancher. For 25 years Miles has worked with the family business, California Tropics, growers of sub-tropic fruits and avocados. She has been involved in the California Avocado Society and the Carpinteria Valley Historical Society for many years. Emily has contributed scores of hours volunteering for the California Avocado Commission at the California Avocado Festival. Emily is a welcomed addition to the California Avocado Festival Board of Directors for her dedication to the Expo tent and educating our festival-goers.
RICHARD H. TINKSTROM “Tinker” grew up in Oxnard and moved to Santa Barbara in the early ‘60’s where he worked for a welding company. In 1969 Tinker moved on to work at Union Oil for 18 years. Tinker served on the Summerland Sanitary Board for 8 years. He opened Tinker’s Burgers on 12/27/1987 and opened both Summerland Catering and Tink’s All American Hot Dogs 15 years ago. In addition, to having a booth at the Avocado Festival, Tinker also has had booths at the Kite Festival, Old Spanish Days and the Lemon Festival.